Channelizing Afghanistan to Pakistan informal trade into formal channels

PSSP working paper 041, Channelizing Afghanistan to Pakistan Informal Trade into Formal Channels, focuses on assessing the possibility of bringing informal trade from Afghanistan to Pakistan into the legal channels by reducing tariff and tax differentials between Pakistan and Afghanistan. A basic model and illustrative example are presented that encompass the monetary incentives of smugglers >> Read more

Pakistan’s fertilizer sector: Structure, policies, performance, and impacts

The fertilizer industry in Pakistan, with US$3.74 billion per year in sales, now stands at a crossroads where, after an initial substantial contribution in boosting crop productivity, its future potential is being challenged. Fertilizer-responsive crop varieties, supplementary irrigation water, and a favorable policy environment in Pakistan have induced fast growth in fertilizer demand. On the >> Read more

A Disaggregated Analysis of Productivity and Growth for Pakistan’s Large Scale Manufacturing Sector

PSSP Working Paper 032, “A Disaggregated Analysis of Productivity and Growth for Pakistan’s Large Scale Manufacturing Sector”, computes Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth for Pakistan’s large scale manufacturing (LSM) sector for each five year period from 1970-71 to 2005-06. It covers LSM activity according to the 2 digit Pakistan Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) 2007. The >> Read more

Technological Opportunity, Regulatory Uncertainty, and Bt Cotton in Pakistan

Genetically modified, insect-resistant Bt cotton has been adopted extensively across Pakistan’s cotton-growing regions during the past decade, and prior studies have linked Bt cotton adoption to both reductions in on-farm production costs and increases in cotton yields. However, studies also suggest that there is much confusion in the market for Bt cotton seed, stemming largely >> Read more

The Effects of Political Competition on Rural Land: Evidence from Pakistan

Can more vigorous political competition significantly raise rural land values, or contribute to more robust land rental markets? Exploiting exogenous variation in the national popularity of Pakistan’s political parties during the 2008 elections, IFPRI discussion paper "The Effects of Political Competition on Rural Land: Evidence from Pakistan" shows that provincial assembly constituencies with greater competition between political parties had >> Read more

Pakistan’s Potential Trade and ‘Behind the Border’ Constraints

PSSP Working Paper 031, “Pakistan’s Potential Trade and ‘Behind the Border’ Constraints”, empirically investigates the existence of institutional, socio-economic, and political constraints to Pakistani exports through a cross-sectional analysis employing a trade Stochastic Frontier Gravity Model. Aggregate data for 2006-08 and 2009-11 shows lower exports in the latter period. This is attributed to demand-suppressing effects >> Read more

Religion, Land and Politics: Shrines and Literacy in Punjab, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 030, “Religion, Land and Politics: Shrines and Literacy in Punjab, Pakistan”, empirically examines the impact of religious shrines on development. Compiling a unique database covering the universe of shrines across Pakistani Punjab, the authors explore whether the presence of holy Muslim shrines helps to explain regional variation in literacy rates. Results demonstrate >> Read more

Aid Effectiveness in Poverty Alleviation in a Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Situation: A Case Study of District Swat, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 029 “Aid Effectiveness in Poverty Alleviation in a Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Situation: A Case Study of District Swat, Pakistan”  aims at exploring the effectiveness of foreign aid within the 2005 Paris Declaration (PD) framework in a post-conflict and post-disaster zone. Focusing on the Swat region in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province in northern >> Read more

Economic Evaluation of Different Irrigation Systems for Wheat Production in Rechna Doab, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 028 “Economic Evaluation of Different Irrigation Systems for Wheat Production in Rechna Doab, Pakistan” investigates the factors responsible for low water productivity in Pakistan and demonstrates various irrigation techniques farmers could use for its improvement. A comprehensive questionnaire was designed, and 230 farmers were interviewed in a cotton-wheat area, a mixed crop >> Read more

Urban Open Spaces for Adolescent Girls: An Assessment for Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 27 “Urban open spaces for adolescent girls: An assessment for Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan” examines the health and wellbeing of children and their access to urban open spaces. Urban open spaces are valued for their health, social, economic, and environmental benefits. Outdoor physical activity is important for the wellbeing of youth, while playfulness is crucial >> Read more