Optimal Groundwater Management in Pakistan’s Indus Water Basin

PSSP Working Paper 034 "Optimal Groundwater Management in Pakistan’s Indus Water Basin" examines the long-run trends of groundwater depletion in Pakistan’s Indus Water Basin under common-pool resource management—the status quo—and under optimal management.  The study develops a dynamic optimization problem to illustrate long-run steady states of groundwater pumping under different management, hydrologic, economic, and tenure >> Read more

Experimental Evidence on Public Good Behavior across Pakistan’s Fractured Educational System

PSSP Working Paper 033 "Experimental Evidence on Public Good Behavior across Pakistan’s Fractured Educational System" adopts identity as a central concept to demonstrate how institutional and  economic environments forge identities and behavior, arguing that, own identity, but also the identity of the individuals we interact with shapes behavior. Exploiting the design of a public goods >> Read more

A Disaggregated Analysis of Productivity and Growth for Pakistan’s Large Scale Manufacturing Sector

PSSP Working Paper 032, “A Disaggregated Analysis of Productivity and Growth for Pakistan’s Large Scale Manufacturing Sector”, computes Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth for Pakistan’s large scale manufacturing (LSM) sector for each five year period from 1970-71 to 2005-06. It covers LSM activity according to the 2 digit Pakistan Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) 2007. The >> Read more

Technological Opportunity, Regulatory Uncertainty, and Bt Cotton in Pakistan

Genetically modified, insect-resistant Bt cotton has been adopted extensively across Pakistan’s cotton-growing regions during the past decade, and prior studies have linked Bt cotton adoption to both reductions in on-farm production costs and increases in cotton yields. However, studies also suggest that there is much confusion in the market for Bt cotton seed, stemming largely >> Read more

The Effects of Political Competition on Rural Land: Evidence from Pakistan

Can more vigorous political competition significantly raise rural land values, or contribute to more robust land rental markets? Exploiting exogenous variation in the national popularity of Pakistan’s political parties during the 2008 elections, IFPRI discussion paper "The Effects of Political Competition on Rural Land: Evidence from Pakistan" shows that provincial assembly constituencies with greater competition between political parties had >> Read more

Pakistan’s Potential Trade and ‘Behind the Border’ Constraints

PSSP Working Paper 031, “Pakistan’s Potential Trade and ‘Behind the Border’ Constraints”, empirically investigates the existence of institutional, socio-economic, and political constraints to Pakistani exports through a cross-sectional analysis employing a trade Stochastic Frontier Gravity Model. Aggregate data for 2006-08 and 2009-11 shows lower exports in the latter period. This is attributed to demand-suppressing effects >> Read more

Religion, Land and Politics: Shrines and Literacy in Punjab, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 030, “Religion, Land and Politics: Shrines and Literacy in Punjab, Pakistan”, empirically examines the impact of religious shrines on development. Compiling a unique database covering the universe of shrines across Pakistani Punjab, the authors explore whether the presence of holy Muslim shrines helps to explain regional variation in literacy rates. Results demonstrate >> Read more

2014 Global Hunger Index

On Monday, October 13th, 2014, IFPRI launched the 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report -  ninth in an annual series that presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go, with levels of hunger remaining “alarming” or >> Read more

Public Investment Efficiency and Sectoral Economic Growth in Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper number 022 “Public Investment Efficiency and Sectoral Economic Growth in Pakistan” compares the effects of sectoral and aggregate public investments on sectoral private investment, output, and employment for eight sectors of the economy. The authors estimate the elasticities of private investment with respect to aggregate and sectoral public investments to find crowding-out >> Read more

The Emergence and Transformation of Batkhela (Malakand) Bazaar: Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Social Networks, and Change in Disadvantageous Societies

PSSP Working Paper 021 “The Emergence and Transformation of Batkhela (Malakand) Bazaar: Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Social Networks, and Change in Disadvantageous Societies” is an inquiry into the emergence and transformation of Batkhela bazaar in the North West of Pakistan. It investigates the emergence of the bazaar in the face of historical conditions characterized by social stratification >> Read more