Aid Effectiveness in Poverty Alleviation in a Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Situation: A Case Study of District Swat, Pakistan

PSSP Working Paper 029 “Aid Effectiveness in Poverty Alleviation in a Post-Conflict, Post-Disaster Situation: A Case Study of District Swat, Pakistan”  aims at exploring the effectiveness of foreign aid within the 2005 Paris Declaration (PD) framework in a post-conflict and post-disaster zone. Focusing on the Swat region in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province in northern Pakistan, which witnessed unprecedented humanitarian crisis in the form of the 2009 militant insurgency and the 2010 floods, the key goal is to examine the effectiveness of donor-funded projects in rehabilitation and reconstruction. Using the 2005 PD doctrines, particularly the principles of ownership, alignment, and harmonisation, this research investigates to what extent aid donors and the Government of Pakistan (GoP) incorporated the PD commitments for making better use of foreign assistance. This research is an attempt to fill the gap regarding how the PD partnership commitments are interpreted and incorporated in the actual course of development and investigates the key factors that constrain the actual application of these principles in complex settings. While the case study focuses on District Swat in Pakistan, this research has broader implications for aid effectiveness in the post-PD landscape elsewhere, particularly in complex environments faced with man-made conflicts and natural disasters.